The Islamic Republic of Iran’s Four Decades of Crimes; What the Apologists Hide

ICBPS- The Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI) has a long experience in the art of “troublemaking” in order to remain in power. Since the Islamic Revolutionaries seized power in 1979, the IRI has preserved its kleptocratic rule by being indecorous around the world, and taking the Iranian people through one crisis after another in a never-ending saga.

Post-Revolution Executions

Following the overthrow of the Pahlavi Dynasty, Khomeini’s appointed “temporary government,” which became the permanent government later assassinated members of the old regime, including Army generals, top officials, and pro-Pahlavi average citizens by firing squad or hanging after short show trials where the accused were not even allowed to speak in their own defense.

Among these senior officials were former Iranian PM Hoveyda, General Mehdi Rahimi, the military commander of Tehran, General Reza Naji, the military governor of Isfahan, General Nematollah Nassiri, the former head of SAVAK, and General Manouchehr Khosrowdad, founder of Iran’s elite paratroop division and one of the world best helicopter pilots. The last four mentioned were killed only four days after Khomeini usurped power.

Islamic Republic’s Hostage Crisis

At the same time that the Islamic Revolutionaries were killing Iranians who opposed them, other revolutionary street thugs, organized as the “Muslim Student Followers of the Imam’s Line,” stormed the U.S. embassy compound on November 4, 1979, and held fifty-two American diplomats and citizens hostage. A crisis that lasted 444 days

 Islamic Republic’s 1988 Massacre 

On July 19, 1988, executions of political prisoners and dissidents began, and continued for about six months. As The regime became anxious that they might soon lose the eight-year-long war with Iraq, it planned to kill the prisoners, so no one would be alive to testify to the crimes of the regime. The majority of the 33,000 or so who were extrajudicially executed were members of the Mojahedin E Khalq MEK. Amnesty International calls the summer of 1988 massacres the “ongoing crimes against humanity.” 

Islamic Republic’s Chain Murders

The series of murders that the Islamic republic committed started in 1988 as a wave of killing intellectuals. These serial murderers shook the nation, as many Iranian elites, poets, writers, and journalists were killed. The Intelligence Ministry of Rafsanjani and Khatami – under the supreme leader Khamenei’s command – were directly involved in these state-backed murders. After two decades, the details of serial murders have not been blown out, but IRI is blamed.

The Islamic Republic did not stop at these domestic terrorist acts and started its campaign of “Overseas State-Sponsored Murders” beyond Iranian borders, and throughout the world, the footprint of which was seen in the early 1980s:  

1- The 1983 Beirut Barracks Bombings 

Two truck bombs were struck in a building in the Lebanese capital, Beirut, on October 23, 1983=. This building housed the American and French service members of the Multinational Force in Lebanon (MNF), who were involved in the Lebanese Civil War as military peacekeeping. The deadly attack caused 307 casualties, 241 Americans, 58 French military personnel, six civilians, and of course, the suicide bombers.

2- The AMIA Bombing

A suicide van bomb attack occurred in Buenos Aires, Argentina where is home to a Jewish community of approximately 230 thousand people – on July 18, 1994. The anti-Semitic attack that targeted the Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina (AMIA) killed 85 people and injured hundreds.

3- The Khobar Towers Bombing

The terrorist attack hit a housing complex called Khobar Towers in the eastern part of the city of Khobar, Saudi Arabia, on June 25, 1996. The attack killed 19 U.S. Air Force personnel, and wounded 498 people of different nationalities.  

4- IRI Terror Plots On European Soil

The Islamic Republic of Iran carried out a series of state-backed assassinations – as part of the Chain Murders in the western European countries that targeted famous Iranian dissidents such as the former Iranian PM, Shapour Bakhtiar. Bakhtiar had his throat cut with a bread knife by IRI’s terrorist agents in 1991 inside his residence in the Paris suburbs. His secretary Soroush Katibeh was also stabbed to death as a collateral victim.

A year later, Islamic thugs savagely stabbed prominent Iranian singer Fereydoun Farrokhzad in his home in Berlin in 1992. Farrokhzad had his stomach viciously opened with a kitchen knife, after the murderers cut his tongue, ears, and nose. 

A month later, 2 Lebanese nationals, members of Hezbollah, hired by IRI’s officials raided the Mykonos restaurant in Berlin, on September 17, 1992, and killed Iranian 3 Kurdish leaders and a political activist among nine who were meeting at this location. 

The state-sponsored terrors are still on the IRI’s agenda beyond the Iranian borders as IRI’s so-called diplomats were obviously involved in the crimes. Multiple Tehran-backed terrors have been conducted in the form of assassinations and bomb plots in the European countries over the past decades. 

With peace of mind, the Islamic Republic of Iran attempts to abduct, kill or take kidnapped dissidents back to Iran. But the international community and the so-called United Nations turn a blind eye to these offenses.

5- 2019 Abqaiq–Khurais Attack

On September 14, 2019, IRI-owned drones [Unmanned Aerial Vehicle] and cruise missiles targeted Saudi Aramco oil processing facilities at Abqaiq and Khurais in eastern Saudi Arabia. The Tehran regime was blamed for it based on verified evidence. IRI-backed Houthis initially claimed responsibility, but that turned out to be a red herring.

6- IRI’s Sponsored Rocket Attack On Israel And U.S. Bases And Embassies In Iraq

Israeli territories have been attacked with rockets, missiles, and incendiary balloons by IRI-sponsored Hamas and Hezbollah. Also, the U.S. bases have been attacked in Iraq. In recent years, amid nationwide Iraqi protests, Tehran-affiliated terrorist elements and paramilitary factions have hit the U.S. embassy compound. Washington closed its Basra-based consulate in 2018, citing threats from the Islamic Republic of Iran.

On January 8, 2020, in a missile-assault [code named Operation Martyr Soleimani], FTO-IRGC launched numerous ballistic missiles at the Ayn al-Asad airbase, western Iraq; A base that housed the American troops. As a result of these attacks in response to the killing of terrorist commander Qasem Soleimani by U.S. drone strike, 110 service members were diagnosed with traumatic brain injuries.

Iran‘s proxies have presented an agenda to attack U.S. embassies and American interests in the region.

In 2018, the IRGC-affiliated group, the Justice Student Movement announced a reward of USD 100,000 will be given to anyone who destroys the building of the U.S. Embassy in Jerusalem.

7- IRI’s Arms and Drug Shipment throughout the World

IRI ships weapons and lethal arms or drugs to Africa, especially to the countries that are involved in a civil war. Demand for drugs has become global, and the market for cocaine in Asia and Africa has increased, so, IRGC tries to fuel the market by its drug trafficking activities

According to the 2014 Global Synthetic Drugs Assessment, and the Turkish authorities, Turkey serves as a transit point for methamphetamine smuggled from the Islamic Republic of Iran to East and South-East Asian countries.

IRI seeks foreign currency inflow by engaging in the international drug trade [as the most profitable activity] to snapback sanctions. Tehran-linked Lebanese Hezbollah has close ties with drug cartels in South and Central America.

The Islamic Republic of Iran uses drug trade as its Narco-War against the United States.

8- IRI’s Meddling In Other Countries 

The Islamic Republic of Iran tries very hard to establish its hegemony in the Middle Eastern Countries, especially Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Yemen, Bahrain, and Afghanistan. Tehran’s regime funds extremist groups and mobilizes them in the countries to drive a wedge and benefits from malicious activities throughout the region. 

IRI supports allies and proxies such as Hamas and Hezbollah against Israel, Yemeni Houthi rebels against Saudi Arabia and Arabian states, and, of course, factions in Iraq and Afghanistan against the American interests.

Tehran repeatedly attempted to overthrow governments through meddling in the neighboring countries such as Bahrain (Pearl Roundabout), Yemen, Iraq, Afghanistan, and – to be sure – is determined to save Bashar al-Assad’s regime in Syria. All these malicious activities have created and displaced millions of refugees to Turkey, the European countries, and the U.S. as a result. 

9- Harassment Of Commercial Ships In The Persian Gulf

The Islamic Republic of Iran has attempted to harass commercial ships in regional waters, including the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. The well-armed Houthi rebels, funded by IRI, also try to destabilize vital shipping routes by attacking or hijacking commercial vessels.

10 – IRI’s Aviation Terrorism

The Pan Am Flight 103 Terrorist Bombing, also known as the Lockerbie Bombing was one of the deadliest terrorist attacks in the world that occurred in 1988. The dead Lybian revolutionary dictator Muammar al-Gaddafi was blamed for the Lockerbie attack, but later, evidence was traced back to IRI.

On January 20, 2019, FTO-IRGC shot down the U.S. RQ-4A surveillance drone with a surface-to-air missile over the Strait of Hormuz for alleged violations of Iran’s airspace – Pentagon responded that the drone was in international airspace. The tensions in the strait of Hormuz raised further in that epoch time after the U.S. “intruding American spy drone” was downed and the IRI’s propagandist minister Javad Zarif publicly praised the IRGC’s action.

On January 8, 2020, only 2 minutes after Ukrainian Airlines flight #752 took off at Imam Khomeini International Airport heading for Kyiv, two missiles shot by FTO-IRGC – 30 seconds apart – hit the commercial jetliner destroying the aircraft and killing all 176 passengers and crew members on board.

11- IRI’s Massacre of Peaceful Protesters

Ali Khamenei has been cracking down on dissidents since taking office [Beit-e Rahbari] as his predecessor Ruhollah Khomeini had done in the 1980s.

A series of widespread uprisings spiked in the 1990s across Iranian cities such as Mashhad, Arak, Tehran, Eslamshahr, Shiraz. Several citizens took to the streets over economic difficulties. The uprisings were strictly suppressed as it was expected, and hundreds of protesters were jailed, some of them disappeared, and no one has heard from them yet.

Iran student Protests was an epoch in the contemporary Iran protests in the 1990s. Plain-clothes affiliates of IRGC called Basij raided Tehran University’s dorms in July of 1999during the night where at least seven students were killed, dozens disappeared, and many were injured and jailed. one of the aggressors were tried.

Repeatedly, the IRGC backed groups have attacked the Iranian universities. During the 2009 Iranian Presidential Election Protests, universities were raided by security forces, including armed hitmen. The attack was as deadly as the previous ones, which caused casualties – at least five students were killed, dozens injured, and hundreds were jailed. The attacks are mainly organized by the conservative paramilitary Ansar-e Hezbollah (‘Supporters of the Party of God’).

In 2015, anti-riot guards clashed with people who were peacefully protesting the state broadcaster’s offensive portrayal of the Azeri ethnic minority.

Another series of countrywide protests began in December of 2017 and continued into 2018Uprisings took place even in Mashhad, Iran’s northeastern most-religious city after Qom. Very quickly, the unrest spread throughout the nation, and its scope expanded to encompass political opposition against the Shiite theocratic tyrants in Iran. 

The most violent crackdown took place in November 2019 following a series of nationwide civil protests across Iran, caused by a 300% increase in fuel prices – but very quickly, protesters singled out the entire regime of Islamic Republic chanting: 

“Shah of Iran, return to Iran,” “Clerics must get lost,” “No to Gaza, no to Lebanon. We sacrifice our lives for Iran,” “Death to the dictator,” “Death to the Islamic Republic,” “Our military brothers, why do you kill your brother?,” “Bless your soul Reza Shah,” “Not Gaza, not Lebanon, my life only for Iran,” “Oil money has been lost, it has all been spent on Palestine,” “They have brought up Islam, but trampled the people,” “The supreme leader lives like a God. We, the people live like beggars,” “We have no money or fuel, to hell with Palestine.”

More than 7,000 people were killed during less than two weeks of unrest after Ali Khamenei openly ordered a strict Crackdown on peaceful uprisings.

 12- IRI’s antagonism to other religions and Cultures 

The Islamic Republic of Iran systematically demolishes others religious holy places, bans any other religious holidays’ public celebration, prevents believers from other faiths to get to any official positions, bans followers of other faiths to publicize their beliefs, to the point that Baha’is have no access to higher education and universities in Iran, and not even being allowed to applying for a loan at the Banks. 

IRI tries to uproot the minority communities, and at the same time, it jails, tortures, harasses and kills to force them to leave their homeland. The dire situation is the same when it comes to Iranian ethnic minorities. These hostilities are part of IRI’s agenda as an “ethnic-religious Minorities Cleansing” plan.

This is the regime with which the international community, including the EU and American Democratic Party, try to make a deal. They bet on the wrong side! 

The Institute of Capacity Building for Political Studies (ICBPS) is a non-governmental research institute focusing on political studies, international security, and international relations.

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